From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tuban is an ancient town located at north coast of Java and it is about 100 km west of Surabaya, the capital of east java. Tuban is surrounded by Lamongan in the east, Bojonegoro in the south and Rembang, Central Java in the west.
As an ancient town, Tuban has historical and cultural values. Moreover, the most amazing one is the beauty of the sceneries such as beaches, caves, and forest, especially the teak forest.
Tuban was formerly an important port in Majapahit era and is mentioned in Chinese records from the eleventh century. Tuban is believed to have been Islamised before it's conquest by Demak c. 1527. Even following its Islamisation, it remained loyal to Hindu-Buddhist Majapahit. The grave of Sunan Bonang, a sixteenth-century Islamic missionary - one of the Wali Sanga involved in the initial spread of Islam in Java, is located in Tuban. This site is an important destination for Muslim pilgrims.
The history of the tuban was started at the Kingdom of Mojopahit era in 15th century. Once upon a time, there was an important ceremonial as the king of mojopahit crowned Ronggolawe as the principle of tuban region. It was held at 12 Novermber 1293 and that date becomes the anniversary of tuban. The spread of islam was pioneered by Sunan bonang and his follower named as Sunan Kalijaga which was the son of the tuban principle in 13th century.
Tuban is famous for tobacco and hardwood teak production. PT Semen Gresik, a major state-owned cement company, opened the largest cement factory in Indonesia in Tuban in 1994. A petrochemical plant operated by Trans-Pacific Petrochemical Indotama (TPPI) opened in 2006 after several years of delays.
Tuban also known as the "thousand cave city" since there are many caves in the area. The famaous cave named as Goa Akbar is located near the city. Beside that, there are many recreational sites are very interesting to be visited such as Goa Ngerong, Pemandian Alam Bektiharjo, Air Terjun Nglirip, and etc.